IRIS Special - Media law enforcement without frontiers

New report about the regulation of on-line media services

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Pages : 106
Place : Strasbourg
Date of publication : December 2018
Editor : European Audiovisual Observatory

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The way the Internet and new communication technologies revolutionised the dissemination of audiovisual content across border has resulted in a digital cyberspace that is overwhelmed with countless amounts of content (both legal and illegal), thus raising new challenges in terms of regulation. In that regard, ensuring law and order online cannot be achieved exclusively at national levels by single states, regardless of how powerful their legal system and law enforcement measures are. This IRIS Special addresses the question of cross-border law enforcement in the field of audiovisual media online.

Content list

Executive summary

1. Introduction and Overview

2. Framework for law enforcement against online and foreign content providers

2.1. The level of the national constitutional frameworks

2.2. Law enforcement from the point of view of fundamental rights

2.3. Law enforcement from the point of view of primary EU law

2.4. Law enforcement from the point of view of secondary EU law

2.4.1. The Audiovisual Media Services Directive

2.4.2. e-Commerce Directive

2.5. Enforcement from the point of view of international law

2.5.1. Obligation regarding/possibility of the international-law-friendly interpretation of national law

2.5.2. Territorial sovereignty of third states

2.5.3. Ban on intervention

2.5.4. The genuine link question

3. Reports on practical experiences from selected countries

3.1. AT – Austria

3.1.1. Introduction and overview

3.1.2. Defining the scope

3.1.3. Supranational and international cooperation

3.1.4. Enforcement of the law on the Internet

3.1.5. Interdisciplinary cooperation

3.2. BE – Belgium

3.2.1. Regulatory framework

3.2.2. Sanctioning options

3.2.3. Law enforcement against (online) audiovisual media – Practical examples/experience

3.3. DE - Germany

3.3.1. Introduction

3.3.2. The distinction between broadcasting and telemedia within the context of law enforcement on the Internet

3.3.3. Law enforcement instruments – possible sanctions

3.3.4. Barriers to law enforcement against foreign providers

3.3.5. Enforcing the law against online media

3.4. HU - Hungary

3.4.1. Regulatory framework

3.4.2. Sanctioning options

3.4.3. Law enforcement against online media

3.5. IT - Italy

3.5.1. Regulatory Framework

3.5.2. Law enforcement against (online) audiovisual media – Practical Examples/Experience

3.5.3. Conclusions

3.6. LV - Latvia

3.6.1. Regulatory Framework

3.6.2. Sanctioning Options

3.6.3. Law enforcement against (online) audiovisual media – Practical Examples/Experience

3.7. Sweden

3.7.1. Regulatory Framework

3.7.2. Sanctioning Options

3.7.3. Law enforcement against (online) audiovisual media – Practical Examples/Experience

3.8. Turkey

3.8.1. Regulatory Framework

3.8.2. Sanctioning Options

4. Comparative analysis

5. Conclusion

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